NOAA CoastWatch East Coast Node
Data Types Info Data Types: SST         - AVHRR                 - AVHRR-VIIRS                 - Geo-Polar Blended                 - PODAAC MUR Chl-a       - MODIS                 - OLCI (HiRes)                 - VIIRS Clarity     - K490 (MODIS)                 - K490 (MODIS HiRes)                 - K490 (OLCI HiRes)                 - K490 (VIIRS)                 - Rrs667 (MODIS)                 - Rrs672 (VIIRS)                 - TSM (MODIS HiRes)                 - TSM (OLCI HiRes)                 - TSM (VIIRS HiRes) True Color (VIIRS)
Data Access Info HTTP Rolling Archive FTP Time Series Archive
Region Info Regions: U.S. East Coast North East Coast Gulf of Maine Massachusetts & RI Bays Mid-Atlantic Coast NY-NJ Bight & Long Island Sound Chesapeake & Delaware Bays South East Coast Carolina Coast Florida - Georgia Coast
CoastWatch Utilities Time Series Tool ERDDAP MGET Experimental Algal Bloom Monitor


VIIRS Remote Sensing Reflectance at 672 nm (Rrs672)

The remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs) is related to the inherent optical properties of the water and its dissolved and particulate constituents. Rrs is calculated by the ratio of the normalized water-leaving radiance to the downwelling solar irradiance.

The remote-sensing reflectance in the red wavelengths (672 nm on VIIRS) has been used as a surrogate for sediment concentration in the water column (Stumpf and Pennock, 1989; T. Wynne et al. 2005). As the sediment load in the water column increases, the reflectance in the red wavelengths will increase. Wynne (2005) used a SeaWiFS Rrs670 value to estimate resuspended benthic chlorophyll a concentrations, with the assumption that benthic chlorophyll is resuspended at about the same rate as sediment.

As a sediment index, Rrs for red wavelenths indicates relative amounts of sediment only (high vs. low sediment amounts) and is not an estimation of sediment concentration or suspended matter concentration.

NOAA CoastWatch provides Rrs672 products in near-real time from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS ) on-board the Suomi-NPP satellite. NOAA/NESDIS processes the Sensor Data Record (SDR) calibrated radiances, and CoastWatch then produces Environmental Data Record (EDR) geophysical products, including remote-sensing reflectance. These products are then mapped to the CoastWatch geographic regions. Remote-sensing reflectance, along with the other VIIRS ocean color products, is generated using the NOAA-MSL12 algorithm. Calibration of the VIIRS ocean color products is ongoing and improvements are expected.

Data Access
  • See the Data Access page for data offerings by satellite, data-type, or region.
  • Or use Direct Download to retrieve files by time-interval and region: HTTP, FTP

Stumpf, R.P., Pennock, J.R., 1989. Calibration of a general optical equation for remote sensing of suspended sediments in a moderately turbid estuary. J. Geophys. Res. 94 (C10), 14363-14371.

Wynne, Timothy T. et al., 2005. Detecting Karenia brevis blooms and algal resuspension in the western Gulf of Mexico with satellite ocean color imagery. Harmful Algae 4, 992-1003.

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The NOAA CoastWatch East Coast Regional Node is hosted within the National Ocean Service and the NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office.
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