East Coast Satellite Data
AVHRRSurface water temperature from NOAA's Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). Overpasses from all operating AVHRR instruments are averaged into a single composite (composite includes day and night overpasses). Spatial resolution is nominally 1 km.
GOESSurface water temperature from NOAA's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) Imager instrument. Three-hourly GOES snapshots are averaged into daily and 3-day composites (composite includes day and night snapshots). Spatial resolution is nominally 4 km.
Geo-Polar BlendedSurface water temperature blended from all available U.S. and international geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites. Greater satellite orbit coverage and the blending technique assure these data are cloud-free. Only nighttime satellite overpasses are used. Spatial resolution is 5 km.
PODAAC Multiscale Ultrahigh Resolution (MUR)Surface water temperature analysis from all available infrared and microwave satellites. Coverage from all satellites and the analysis method assure cloud-free coverage on a daily basis. Product is "foundational" SST, i.e. surface temperature before the diurnal heating begins. Spatial resolution is 1 km.
MODISChlorophyll-a from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) onboard the NASA Aqua satellite, processed using the NOAA OC3 algorithm with the combined NIR-SWIR atmospheric correction (NOAA OC3 NIR-SWIR). More information
VIIRSChlorophyll-a from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi-NPP satellite, processed with the NOAA OC3 algorithm (Wang et al., 2017) and the NIR atmospheric correction of Jiang & Wang (2014). More information
Sediment Index (Remote-Sensing Reflectance at red wavelengths)
The remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs) in the red wavelengths can be used as a surrogate for sediment concentration in the surface water. As the sediment load in the surface water increases, the reflectance in the red wavelengths will increase. Since the Rrs values are reflectance measurements and not sediment concentration measurements, only relative amounts of sediment in the water may be inferred. Higher Rrs values indicate relatively more suspended sediment compared to lower Rrs values. Patterns of suspended sediment distribution, both spatial and temporal, and sediment gradients may be detected and monitored.
MODIS (Rrs at 667 nm)
VIIRS (Rrs at 672 nm)
Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient at 490 nm
MODISNASA algorithm: The "KD2" standard algorithm from NASA's Ocean Biology Processing Group is used. Products are processed operationally by NOAA CoastWatch: Data Processing Caveats.
NOAA algorithm: The algorithm of Wang, M., et al., 2009, is used, improving values in nearshore waters. More information is available.
VIIRSThe Wang et al. (2009) algorithm, developed for MODIS, is used. Atmospheric correction is with the near infra-red approach of Jiang & Wang (2014), also known as the BMW atmospheric correction. The Wang (2009) algorithm is intended to improve values across ocean conditions from turbid to clear. More information
True Color satellite image data from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) at 750 m spatial resolution. Data files contain red, green and blue radiance data; images are also available. More information
Data citation: Please acknowledge "NOAA CoastWatch/OceanWatch" when you use data from our site and cite the particular dataset DOI as appropriate.-->